Home > Top 25 Online Master’s in English Language Learning Programs for 2018

Top 25 Online Master’s in English Language Learning Programs for 2018

According to the National Center for Education Statistics, English Language Learners (ELL) made up 9.4% of the United States’ K-12 population in 2014-15 (an estimated 4.6 million students). By 2020, researchers estimate that the number of children entering preschool who have been exposed to or speak a language other than English will exceed the number who have been exposed to or speak English.

ELL students remain underserved. They perform significantly worse on reading assessments than their non-ELL peers, and many teachers do not have the skills or resources to help close this gap. ESL master’s programs online will improve your career prospects; and prepare you to help ensure that all children have access to a good education.

WHAT ARE THE BEST ONLINE MASTER’S IN ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNING PROGRAMS?

1

Asbury UniversityWilmore, KY

Degree Masters of Arts in Education in Middle School Grades 5-9 (English); English 8-12; English as a Second Language; English as a Second Language P-12
Admissions Rate 57%
Default Rate 6%
Retention Rate 81%
Graduation Rate 63%
Online Enrollment 26%

Asbury University’s Graduate School of Education offers several ESL master’s programs online. This includes a master of arts in education in middle school grades 5-9 (English), a master of arts in education in English 8-12, a master of arts in education in English as a second language, and a master of arts in English as a second language P-12. Delivered entirely online, the programs incorporate live, synchronous web-conferencing and collaborative, project-based learning. Students can start the program during the fall, spring, or summer and usually take six to nine credits per semester. It takes six semesters to earn a master’s from Asbury in programs designed for certified teachers, and usually a semester longer for students seeking initial certification.

2

Nova Southeastern UniversityFort Lauderdale, FL

Degree Master of Science in Education with a specialization in Elementary Education with ESOL and Reading Endorsements
Admissions Rate 59%
Default Rate 4%
Retention Rate 80%
Graduation Rate 44%
Online Enrollment 39%

Nova Southeastern University, a private, nonprofit school in Davie, Florida, offers an online master’s in ESL. The master of science in education with a specialization in elementary education with ESOL and reading endorsements aligns with the Florida Department of Education’s certification requirements. The program is designed for students who hold a bachelor’s degree in another field but want to become elementary school teachers. Applicants must have a 2.5 minimum cumulative GPA and GRE scores of 1,000. Distance learners take courses in classroom management and organization, methods of teaching, second language learning theory, and a teaching internship and seminar. Through the internship, students work at a school, full time, under the supervision of an experienced teacher for 14 weeks.

3

Webster UniversitySaint Louis, MO

Degree Master of Arts in Teaching English as a Second Language
Admissions Rate 56%
Default Rate 8%
Retention Rate 78%
Graduation Rate 62%
Online Enrollment 25%

Webster, a private nonprofit school in Webster Groves, Missouri, offers a master’s in ESL. The master of arts in teaching English as a second language degree qualifies graduates for certification in ESOL. Candidates with and without professional teaching experience can apply. Students choose from two tracks: adult education emphasis and K-12 English language learner (ELL) education emphasis. A teaching license is required for students who choose the K-12 ELL education emphasis. Webster offers the opportunity to take an additional 21 credits to earn the Missouri ELL certification in conjunction with the K-12 ELL emphasis. Students who choose the Missouri ELL certification must have a valid Missouri teaching license. Online learners pursuing the adult education emphasis can earn a teaching English as a foreign language (TEFL) certificate. This program is designed for students interested in teaching overseas in adult or K-12 environments.

4

Greenville UniversityGreenville, IL

Degree Master of Arts in Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages
Admissions Rate 56%
Default Rate 7%
Retention Rate 82%
Graduation Rate 57%
Online Enrollment 19%

Greenville University, a private liberal arts school affiliated with the Free Methodist Church, offers an ESL master’s online. The master of arts in teaching English to speakers of other languages requires 100 hours of field experience in order to meet ISBE requirements for ESL endorsement. The field experience places students in an ESL classroom under the supervision of an on-site supervisor and a faculty coordinator. The two-year degree is not an initial licensure program. Courses offered include equity in school and society, cross-cultural studies for TESL, and linguistics for TESL. The required capstone project has students design and implement a project to improve a local school or organization. Application criteria includes a bachelor’s degree from an accredited university and a written statement outlining the applicant’s educational philosophy.

5

Concordia University-NebraskaSeward, NE

Degree Master of Education in Curriculum and Instruction with ESL/ELL Emphasis; Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages; Literacy with Reading Specialist and ESL Emphases
Admissions Rate 78%
Default Rate 4%
Retention Rate 76%
Graduation Rate 59%
Online Enrollment 32%

Concordia University-Nebraska offers several ESL master’s programs online. A master of education in curriculum and instruction with an ESL/ELL emphasis and a master of education in literacy with reading specialist and ESL emphases are available completely online. A master of education in teaching English to speakers of other languages is offered as a hybrid program. The 36-credit M.Ed. in TESOL program is designed for students looking to teach outside of the traditional classroom. The 39-credit M.Ed. in curriculum and instruction with ESL/ELL emphasis allows students to spend 12 credits focusing on coursework that aligns with the requirements for ESL/ELL endorsement in Nebraska. The 51-credit M.Ed. in literacy with reading specialist and ESL emphases prepares students to teach English literacy to diverse populations.

6

University of North DakotaGrand Forks, ND

Degree Master of Education in English Language Learner Education
Admissions Rate 82%
Default Rate 4%
Retention Rate 81%
Graduation Rate 54%
Online Enrollment 22%

The master of education in English language learner education at the University of North Dakota takes about two years to complete. The 35-credit master’s in TESOL program includes fully online coursework and a 90-hour practicum experience that's completed in the student’s local community. The practicum allows students to gain supervised ESL/ELL teaching experience in a K-12 school. UND offers an optional TESOL seminar once a month on campus. Distance learners pay in-state tuition regardless of residency. The curriculum meets requirements for ELL/ESL teacher endorsement in North Dakota and some other states. Program faculty have doctoral degrees and experience teaching ESL to diverse populations, including immigrant and refugee communities in the U.S. and abroad.

7

Buena Vista UniversityStorm Lake, IA

Degree Master of Education in Curriculum and Instruction with Emphasis in Teaching English as a Second Language
Admissions Rate 68%
Default Rate 7%
Retention Rate 78%
Graduation Rate 51%
Online Enrollment 32%

Buena Vista University in Storm Lake, Iowa, offers a master of education in curriculum and instruction with an emphasis on teaching English as a second language. The program is designed to prepare working teachers to teach ESL in public and private settings. All coursework is offered online. Major courses include applied linguistics, differentiating instruction for diverse learners, and methods and curriculum development in TESL. The program also includes a practicum in teaching ESL for K-6 or 7-12 and a capstone portfolio. Like other ESL master’s programs online, program entrance is limited to applicants who already have a teaching license. Other admissions criteria include a 2.75 minimum GPA and a bachelor’s degree from an accredited university.

8

Wilkes UniversityWilkes-Barre, PA

Degree Master of Science in Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages
Admissions Rate 82%
Default Rate 6%
Retention Rate 77%
Graduation Rate 59%
Online Enrollment 35%

The 30-credit ESL master’s online from Wilkes University in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, prepares graduates who already hold teaching certification to teach English as a second language in K-12 schools, colleges and universities, English programs, and more. The master of science in teaching English to speakers of other languages program does not lead to teacher certification. Admissions requirements include a bachelor’s degree from an accredited university with a minimum 3.0 GPA, official transcripts, and two recommendations. Students who have an instructional level one or two certification can apply for ESL program specialist certification after completing ESL program specialist courses. Required courses include second language program development, computer assisted language learning, and a 15-hour field experience.

9

Canisius CollegeBuffalo, NY

Degree Master of Arts in Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages
Admissions Rate 87%
Default Rate 6%
Retention Rate 83%
Graduation Rate 70%
Online Enrollment 14%

At Canisius College, a private Jesuit, Catholic college in Buffalo, New York, students can earn a master’s in ESL online. The master of arts in teaching English to speakers of other languages is offered through the School of Education & Human Services and is completely online. The program is designed for working professionals, and three start dates are offered each year. The 30-credit program prepares graduates for New York state TESOL certification in kindergarten through grade 12. Courses include research in reading, methods and materials for teaching English to speakers of other languages, and emergent literacy. A required field practicum can be completed anywhere in the U.S. and is offered in summer so that working students can participate. Faculty members have extensive experience teaching TESOL.

10

Azusa Pacific UniversityAzusa, CA

Degree Master of Arts in Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages
Admissions Rate 81%
Default Rate 4%
Retention Rate 88%
Graduation Rate 68%
Online Enrollment 7%

Azusa Pacific University’s 33-credit ESL master’s online is taught through an asynchronous cohort model, with students taking courses sequentially with a group of peers. Azusa is an evangelical Christian university. Full-time students can complete the fully online program in one-and-a-half years, with four sessions each year. Part-time students who take one course each term can finish the program in about three years. Courses include teaching English grammar and pronunciation, second language assessment, and a TESOL portfolio. Azusa also offers a special field-based program where students can earn their TESOL MA in two years while also teaching English full-time overseas. Students should expect to spend 6-10 hours per week, per unit, to complete coursework.

11

Biola UniversityLa Mirada, CA

Degree Master of Arts in Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages
Admissions Rate 70%
Default Rate 3%
Retention Rate 85%
Graduation Rate 70%
Online Enrollment 4%

Biola, a private, Evangelical Christian university located in La Mirada, California, offers distance learners the opportunity to earn an ESL master’s online. The master of arts in teaching English to speakers of other languages is a biblically-centered program that's available completely online. The program is designed for Christian ESL or EFL teachers whose job or visa requires a master’s degree. Students are mentored by faculty members who are active practitioners and researchers in teaching English as a second language. Students with no prior teaching experience can also apply. Biola offers a special grant for online TESOL students that automatically reduces tuition by one third when registering for classes. Biola also offers the option to “test drive” the program by taking a stand-alone introduction to TESOL class.

12

Hamline UniversitySaint Paul, MN

Degree Master of Arts in English as a Second Language; Master of Arts in Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages
Admissions Rate 72%
Default Rate 4%
Retention Rate 79%
Graduation Rate 63%
Online Enrollment 10%

Hamline University, a private, liberal arts school in St. Paul, Minnesota, offers two online ESL master’s programs: a master of arts in English as a second language (ESL) and a master of arts in teaching English to speakers of other languages (TESOL). Both degrees are fully online. The 29-credit ESL MA takes about 24 months to complete and includes the option to choose an area of concentration, which includes adult ESL, K-12 ESL licensure, and TEFL. The 34-credit TESOL MA takes five to six terms to finish, and the TESOL program offers a $2,500 scholarship to new students based on academic merit or demonstrated leadership ability. Available courses cover topics like applied linguistics, research methods, course design, and assessment.

13

Spring Arbor UniversitySpring Arbor, MI

Degree Master of Arts in Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages
Admissions Rate 69%
Default Rate 6%
Retention Rate 79%
Graduation Rate 52%
Online Enrollment 17%

Spring Arbor University, a Christian university in Spring Arbor, Michigan, offers a TESOL master’s degree that is completely online. The program is designed for working adults and offers two tracks: one for teachers and one for other professionals. SAU’s MA in TESOL K-12 track meets the requirements for ESL endorsement for certified teachers. The MA in TESOL adolescent and adult education track is for students with a bachelor’s degree in a non-teaching field. It prepares graduates to teach in community-based ESL programs in the U.S. and to teach English abroad in a variety of contexts. Courses include linguistics for teachers of English, methods of teaching speaking and listening, and assessment and evaluation of language minority students and programs.

14

Pennsylvania State University-Main CampusUniversity Park, PA

Degree Master of Arts in Teaching English as a Second Language
Admissions Rate 51%
Default Rate 7%
Retention Rate 93%
Graduation Rate 86%

Pennsylvania State University offers a hybrid ESL master’s that provides professional development for working teachers. The 36-credit master of arts in teaching English as a second language program requires residency at the PSU campus for 24 credits. Students can complete twelve credits of 800-level courses online. Required courses include teaching American English pronunciation; language socialization across home, school, and community contexts; methods of language assessment; and a six-credit field experience. Students must complete a master's paper and a teaching e-portfolio. This program does not lead to automatic teacher certification in Pennsylvania. Admission requirements include GRE scores, a bachelor’s degree, three letters of reference, and a written statement of goals.

15

University of San FranciscoSan Francisco, CA

Degree Master of Arts in Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages; Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages with a Digital Technologies for Teaching and Learning Emphasis; Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages and Single or Multiple Teaching Credential
Admissions Rate 64%
Default Rate 5%
Retention Rate 83%
Graduation Rate 71%
Online Enrollment 3%

The University of San Francisco offers several options for students interested in TESOL master’s programs. The master of arts in teaching English to speakers of other languages degree is designed for students who want to teach English abroad or provide ESL instruction in the U.S. at K-12 schools or community colleges. The ESL master’s program is practitioner-oriented and takes a critical look at social justice issues. Courses available include critical race theory and praxis, pan-African language and culture, and immigration and forced displacement. USF also offers the MA in teaching English to speakers of other languages with a digital technologies for teaching and learning emphasis and an MA in TESOL with single or multiple teaching credential, which leads to teaching licensure.

16

MidAmerica Nazarene UniversityOlathe, KS

Degree Master of Education in English as a Second Language
Admissions Rate 61%
Default Rate 7%
Retention Rate 74%
Graduation Rate 55%
Online Enrollment 14%

MidAmerica Nazarene University, a Christian liberal arts school located in Olathe, Kansas, offers online learners the opportunity to pursue a master’s in TESOL. The master of education in English as a second language prepares students to take the ESOL Praxis test, which is needed to add the ESOL endorsement to a Kansas teaching license. The 18-month, 33-credit program is fully online in a combination of synchronous and asynchronous formats, including real-time webcasts. Students take courses in multicultural awareness for educators, action research, and teaching English as an international language. MNU offers tuition discounts for members of the military. Admission requirements include a bachelor’s degree from an accredited university with a minimum GPA of 3.0. It's recommended that applicants have a teaching license.

17

McDaniel CollegeWestminster, MD

Degree Master of Science in Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages
Admissions Rate 80%
Default Rate 4%
Retention Rate 75%
Graduation Rate 70%
Online Enrollment 9%

McDaniel College, a private liberal arts school in Westminster, Maryland, offers an ESL master’s to online students. The 36-credit master of science in teaching English to speakers of other languages is designed for licensed teachers; the degree does not lead to licensure. The fully online degree prepares students to take the Praxis II test in ESOL. Applicants must hold a bachelor’s degree from an accredited institution with a minimum 2.75 GPA and three letters of recommendation. Admissions also requires students to complete three credits in cross-cultural studies and six credits in a modern foreign language. To graduate, students must maintain a minimum 3.0 GPA. The curriculum includes classes in assessment of English learners, principles of language acquisition, and bilingual special education.

18

University of Maryland-Baltimore CountyBaltimore, MD

Degree Master of Arts in Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages
Admissions Rate 59%
Default Rate 6%
Retention Rate 86%
Graduation Rate 63%
Online Enrollment 3%

Distance learners can enroll in a 36-credit master’s in TESOL program at the University of Maryland-Baltimore County. The Department of Education and Department of Modern Languages, Linguistics, and Intercultural Communication cooperatively offer the master of arts in teaching English to speakers of other languages. The program is designed for experienced and prospective ESL teachers. Students learn about the theory and practice of TESOL. Courses are available completely online, but students can also enroll in a hybrid format. Classes start three times a year, and the school offers rolling admission. Courses include an ESOL internship, cross-cultural communication, and ESOL testing and evaluation. Students also have the option to complete a thesis or to obtain K-12 certification by taking extra credits.

19

Eastern UniversitySaint Davids, PA

Degree Master of Education in Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages
Admissions Rate 52%
Default Rate 8%
Retention Rate 74%
Graduation Rate 61%
Online Enrollment 10%

Eastern University, a Christian university in St. Davids, Pennsylvania, offers an online master’s in TESOL. The master of education in teaching English to speakers of other languages program integrates the school’s philosophy of faith and justice into its curriculum. New students can start the program in August, January, May, or June and can complete the program in one year. The curriculum includes a 50-hour TESOL field experience/portfolio and courses in theories of second language acquisition and early literacy foundations. All coursework is available online except for the required TESOL field experience, which students can complete in their local communities. International students can travel to Eastern for an optional four-week summer study session.

20

University of Northern IowaCedar Falls, IA

Degree Master of Arts in Teaching English in Secondary Schools; Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages; Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages/Spanish
Admissions Rate 80%
Default Rate 4%
Retention Rate 80%
Graduation Rate 68%
Online Enrollment 6%

Online students choose from several TESOL master’s programs at the University of Northern Iowa in Cedar Falls. The three TESOL degrees available include a master of arts in teaching English in secondary schools (TESS), a master of arts in teaching English to speakers of other languages, and a master of arts in teaching English to speakers of other languages/Spanish. The 33-credit TESS program is taught in a cohort format and takes about three years to complete. The TESOL program has a 33-credit, non-thesis option and a 39-credit, thesis option. Both thesis and non-thesis options require students to pass a comprehensive exam in order to graduate. The TESOL/Spanish program is 33 credits and does not require a thesis. TESOL/Spanish students must complete a teaching portfolio and presentation and a comprehensive Spanish exam.

21

Dominican UniversityRiver Forest, IL

Degree Master of Arts in Education in English as a Second Language
Admissions Rate 63%
Default Rate 6%
Retention Rate 79%
Graduation Rate 59%
Online Enrollment 6%

Dominican University, a Catholic institution located in River Forest, Illinois, offers a fully online master’s in TESOL through its School of Education. The master of arts in education in English as a second language qualifies licensed teachers to earn the credential to teach ESL in the state of Illinois. Sessions start six times a year, and students can graduate in 18 months. Applicants must have a professional educator license; the program does not lead to licensure. The MA is designed for teachers already serving ESL students and those looking for work in this field. To graduate, students must complete a 100-hour field experience in an ESL setting or teach three months of ESL. Courses include foundations of language minority education, language and culture, and methods and materials for teaching English as a second language.

22

The New SchoolNew York, NY

Degree Master of Arts in Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages
Admissions Rate 67%
Default Rate 6%
Retention Rate 81%
Graduation Rate 65%
Online Enrollment 3%

The New School, a private research university located in New York City, offers a master of arts in teaching English to speakers of other languages. A unique feature of this MA, compared to other TESOL master’s programs, is its focus on social action and outreach. Students gain real-world experience working with underserved communities by completing a TESOL field experience. The rest of the program can be completed entirely online. Although most students enroll in the program part-time, students who attend full-time and participate in a summer intensive teaching residency in New York can finish in one year. The 30-credit program allows students to choose from two specialties: teaching or curriculum development. The internationally-renowned faculty includes TESOL professionals and authors.

23

Sam Houston State UniversityHuntsville, TX

Degree Master of Education in Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages
Admissions Rate 73%
Default Rate 11%
Retention Rate 80%
Graduation Rate 49%
Online Enrollment 14%

Sam Houston State University offers an online master of education in teaching English to speakers of other languages. The program is intended for practicing teachers of English as a second/foreign language. A unique feature of SHSU’s program, compared to other online TESOL master’s programs, is that new online students automatically receive a $1,000 scholarship that is offered on a first come, first served basis. Courses include applied linguistics, action research in second languages, and building relationships with diverse families and children. Graduates receive a certificate in second language instruction along with the degree. Admissions requirements include a bachelor’s degree from an accredited university, two letters of recommendation, and a writing sample.

24

Emporia State UniversityEmporia, KS

Degree Master of Arts in Teaching of English to Speakers of Other Languages
Admissions Rate 87%
Default Rate 8%
Retention Rate 72%
Graduation Rate 42%
Online Enrollment 30%

Emporia State University offers a master’s in TESOL through its Department of Instructional Design and Technology. The master of arts in teaching English to speakers of other languages prepares students to work as TESOL teachers in the state of Kansas. The 36-credit program focuses on the study of applied linguistics. Students take classes like TESOL methodology, computer-assisted language learning in TESOL, individual differences in second language learning, and literacy/reading theory and practice. Applicants must hold a bachelor’s degree from an accredited university, have a minimum GPA of 2.75 in the last 60 semester hours of undergraduate study, three letters of recommendation, an admissions essay, a resume, and a one-page career statement. Graduates must maintain a 3.0 minimum GPA and complete a practicum.

25

Mercy CollegeDobbs Ferry, NY

Degree Master of Science in Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages
Admissions Rate 66%
Default Rate 7%
Retention Rate 76%
Graduation Rate 37%
Online Enrollment 12%

Mercy College, a private research university located in Dobbs Ferry, New York, offers a 36-credit online TESOL master’s degree through its School of Education. The master of science in teaching English to speakers of other languages includes courses like teaching writing/writing process, theory and practice of bilingual education, and approaches to literacy: early childhood and adolescence. Students can choose from two program tracks for TESOL certification: initial or professional. Initial certification candidates complete a 15-week student teaching experience to qualify for New York state certification. Professional certification is intended for learners who already have three years of teaching experience in New York. Candidates for professional certification must complete a 20-day, ESL experience in a preK-12 school.

How to Choose an Online Master’s in English Language Learning Program

There are a number of quality ESL master’s programs online, so prospective students should make sure the program they select meets their individual needs. Students who are working or balancing other responsibilities should make careful note of any on-campus requirements. Part-time, asynchronous TESOL master’s programs offer the most flexibility for working professionals.

There are also questions you should ask that are specific to this field. Do you want to teach English to children or adults? Curricula for working with different age groups may vary by program. Where do you want to work? Be sure to confirm that the program’s accreditation is recognized in your area and by your organization. TESOL master’s programs can open many doors, but you’ll need to do your research before choosing a program.

Careers for Graduates of Master’s in English Language Learning Programs

Graduates of ESL master’s programs online are in demand. While they should not set their earning expectations too high (particularly if you hope to work in a public school setting), the impact you will have on the lives of learners of all ages is truly immeasurable. Here are just a handful of opportunities you will have to make a difference after earning your degree.

Job Outlook and Salary for English Language Learning Master’s Degree Graduates

The Bureau of Labor Statistics categorizes ESL teachers under the umbrella of “adult literacy and high school equivalency diploma teachers,” though not all ESL teachers will work with adults, and not all will prepare students for equivalency tests. BLS data provides graduates of TESOL master’s programs with a good point of reference for projected employment growth in the field. Employment opportunities will vary depending on location, type of employer (e.g. school district or private company), and the exact nature of the position (e.g. special education or general classroom teaching).

Employment Growth for Adult Literacy and GED Teachers
Employment, 2014 Projected Employment, 2024
77,500 83,000

Source: BLS

SALARY GROWTH BY EXPERIENCE FOR GRADUATES OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNING MASTER’S DEGREE PROGRAMS

Years of experience and additional training directly correlate with increases in salary. The longer you stay in a particular career, the more you can expect to earn in that position. Here are the salary trajectories for three careers that you might pursue after completing an ESL master’s program online.

ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNING PROFESSIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

Professional groups offer more than just job postings; they offer resources, help members communicate about best practices and curricula, and provide continuing educational opportunities. Here are some of the most active professional organizations and resource aggregators in the ESL field.

TESOL International Association

With more than 12,000 members in 160 countries, TESOL International Association is one of the largest professional communities working to advance the field of English language learning. Their site features a number of career development resources.

EverythingESL.net

EverythingESL.net offers many resources for ESL teachers, including how to deal with behavioral problems arising from language issues and how to design science curricula specifically for ELL students.

ELS Resource Center

The ELS Resource Center is an excellent source of curricula, project ideas, homework assignments, and classroom activities. It also hosts ESL job opportunities and discussion forums.


To determine the best online master’s in English language learning programs, we looked at the most important factors prospective students, mainly common predictors of future success and a school’s commitment to online programs. This boils down to admissions rate, student loan default rate, retention rate, graduation rate, and the percent of students enrolled in online classes. All data points are taken from information provided by colleges and universities to the National Center for Education Statistics.

Each factor is weighted evenly in order to give an objective view and determine the best online English language learning programs. To calculate our rankings, we looked at a school’s ranking when organized by a single factor, and then averaged each category’s ranking to find an overall score: Admissions Rate (20%) + Default Rate (20%) + Retention Rate (20%) + Graduation Rate (20%) + Percent of Students Enrolled in Online Classes (20%) = Final score.